Previous Posts: November 2015
The Chinese are coming!
November 19 2015
Last week it was reported that a 'Hong Kong based' investment group has agreed to buy Britain's longest house, the Grade 1 listed Wentworth Wodehouse, above, ofr in excess of £8m. The same week we learnt that another Hong Kong property mogul, Lu Yiqian, bought a Modigliani at Christie's for $170m. Some are nervous that art and heritage assets are being bought by the Chinese.
But we shouldn't be. Anyone who forks out either £8m for a house, or $170m for a painting is likely to look after it. To suggest they're not just because they're Chinese is daft. I think it's good that the Chinese, rich or not, are taking a wider interest in western heritage.
The Modigliani will soon be heading to China. And we can expect more things to head east, for Mr Liu says (in the New York Times):
“The message to the West is clear: We have bought their buildings, we have bought their companies, and now we are going to buy their art.”
This is little different from the likes of Carnegie and Huntington buying Western art in the early 20th Century, and shipping that to the US (in the days before export controls too). In many cases they even moved entire buildings. But I think we can be sure that Wentworth Wodehouse isn't going anywhere.
That said, the sale of Wentworth to a private buyer produced a succession of anxious letters in The Times that somehow this was a heritage 'disaster', that the house should have been 'saved' by being bought by a charity or some other public sector body.
But there is little evidence to show that such houses are better off outside private ownership. In my experience, the best 'stately homes' to visit are those that are still owned or lived in by private owners. They tend to take better care of things, and present the collections more meaningfully (even if, sometimes, with a degree of eccentricity). You won't find them replacing original furnishings with beanbags at Chatsworth.
Incidentally, it is becoming something of a scandal that the National Trust still has not revealed what caused the fire at Clandon Park.
Update - apparently Mr Liu is paying for his Modigliani on American Express. This will get him enough airmiles to fly first class return between London and New York 733 times. Sensible fellow.
Update II - a reader writes:
As you say, no known cause revealed and so far as I know, no published list of losses.
Update II - the Wentworth sale has fallen through. Apparently, Lake House Group were worried about the subsidence. Since this was widely known about for years, one wonders if they were ever that serious about buying.
NPG acquires Freud archive
November 19 2015
The National Portrait Gallery has acquired Lucian Freud's archive. It has been valued at £2.9m. More here.
The announcement comes in Archive Appreciation Week. Which is an excuse to show you my favourite document from the NPG's archive - a list of rats killed in World War 2 in the Gallery, and how they were killed. THe second one down is the best.
How to buy an Old Master drawing
November 17 2015
More clever marketing from Christie's - here, drawing specialist Benjamin Perronet offers a seven step guide to buying an Old Master drawing (which, even for big names, can be relatively cheap):
Works we have sold range in price from £700 to £26,000,000. Yet over 90 per cent of drawings have a market value of less than £10,000 — only a very small proportion are worth a fortune. It is absolutely possible to find very good drawings from good, well-known artists for £4,000–5,000.
You can find a perfectly nice little drawing executed by Fragonard during his early days in Italy when he was copying the Old Masters for £4,000 to £6,000 (see above), or even a little Jean-Louis-André-Théodore Géricault. The students and followers of Ingres working in the 19th century such as Alexandre-Jean-Baptiste Hesse, Savinien Petit and Félix-Joseph Barrias were gifted technicians whose beautiful drawings sell for around £1,000 to 1,500, sometimes less.
November 17 2015
Picture: Artnet News
Artnet News reports that a 'retired art thief' is demanding a EUR150,000 ransom for the return of a painting by Klimt (above) stolen from a museum in Piacenza in 1997. That's some way to cash in your pension.
Regular readers will know I take a dim view of the paying of ransoms for stolen art. It only encourages more theft, and indeed 'artnapping' has now become an industry in itself. But a group of Piacenza art institutions has apparently agreed to pay the money. And, says ArtNet:
"Artnapping"—the stealing of art for ransom—has gained popularity in the criminal world. This past March, the Vatican announced that it received a ransom request of €100,000 for the return of two stolen documents by the Renaissance master Michelangelo 20 years after the documents had disappeared.
In April, the van Buuren Museum in Belgium negotiated a ransom with thieves for the return of a group of ten stolen paintings by Pieter Brueghel the Younger, James Ensor, and others.
“It happens more and more," Belgian art expert Jacques Lust told TV Brussels at the time. “Not all details make it to the media, of course. If a case is solved there's no mention of the amounts paid, nor of the works having been stolen. But there's an increase in such cases," he said.
Tintoretto in a new light
November 17 2015
The Art Newspaper reports that they're installing new LED lights in the Scuola Grande di San Rocco in Venice, to better show the wonderful pictures by Tintoretto - including his masterpiece, The Crucifixion. More here.
Decoding a still life
November 17 2015
Christie's have a good website feature on the above still life by Edwaert Collier, looking at all the things we see in still lifes, and what they mean. The picture is coming up for sale in December at £80k-£120k. Clever marketing.
How governments waste your money (ctd.)
November 16 2015
The debate about why governments (at least, European ones) should fund the arts goes on and on - and still they have no answer. A new survey by the UK's Department for Culture asked if people who attend 'the arts' were happier than those who did not - presumably in the hope of persuading the Treasury not to cut the budget too much. The answer? Arts participants were 0.8% happier than non participants. DCMS describes this as a 'non-trivial' difference, but really it's margin of error stuff.
And for museum visitors, there was no change at all:
Whilst arts attendance was found to be linked to happiness, no link is found with visiting a museum or gallery, or participating in arts activities. Visiting a library within the past 12 months was found to have a statistically significant association with lower happiness scores, even after other factors, including income, had been taken into account. Researchers commented: “The reasons underlying this finding are not clear. Further work will be needed to understand whether the nature of library use and/or the happiness levels of those groups using libraries are key factors.”
The survey was part of David Cameron's agenda to measure the effectiveness of government spending in terms of 'wellbeing'. I'd love to know how it cost.
Still, there's good news if you like visiting old places:
Visits to heritage sites is a predictor of higher life satisfaction and happiness and lower anxiety. Visiting museums is a predictor of lower life satisfaction and lower anxiety.
Sotheby's staff face cuts
November 16 2015
Picture: Google Finance
Sotheby's new CEO Tad Smith has emailed employees offering voluntary redundancy packages, in a bid to cut costs. If not enough people go voluntarily, redundancies may have to follow. Smith says Sotheby's is 'not as efficient a company as it could be'.
Here, however, are some wise words of caution from Wendy Goldsmith, of Goldsmith Art Advisory, who told Bloomberg:
“It seems short sighted to make it a blanket letter including the specialists who are the essential money makers [...] There’s a risk losing the wrong people.”
Quite. The right kind expertise is so vital in the art world. Cutting experienced staff for cheaper ones might help the balance sheet in the short-term, but it will cost money in the long run.
Sotheby's share price has gone down a bit lately - $29 today against more than $46 in the summer. In early 2014 it was over $53. Still, it was around $29 in late 2012, so the decline is nothing too dramatic. And it's not as cheap as the $6.47 it fell to in 2009 - when, daftly, I thought about buying some shares, but didn't.
Charlotte Burns in The Art Newspaper has a more in depth report on the figures here, and notes that auction margins are becoming slimmer. But I was intrigued by this paragraph:
A $6m “indirect expense” logged in the general and administrative expenses for the nine month period “is almost entirely due to higher costs in the second quarter associated with a client authenticity claim”, according to the accounting notes.
I wonder what work this refers to?
Update - a reader writes, sagely:
In the Art Business it isn't simply “what you know” but “who(m) you know” and how much those whom you know trust you. You can't grow talented connected people quickly and when they go some business will follow them to their next gig. That said, I know that the Sotheby's organization is vast and deep and that it might manage a few early retirements without harm to the brand. The difficulty for Sotheby's is that in the current world retirees become consultants to growing competitors rather than playing golf and living in Italy or wherever.
It has been shown that the newbie driven volume in contemporary art has lower margins than the old boring stuff. The sellers of too lots are sophisticated and have choices that reduce or eliminate the profit and leave only the bragging rights for he auction firm. It’s the boring midrange lots that yield premiums and fees and don't risk the firm’s capital with guarantees. These lots are often consigned based on long standing personal relationships.
Update II - here's Colin Gleadell's take, in the Telegraph, on Sotheby's performance, and a wider look at the contemporary sales. He thinks we're in 'bubble burst' territory.
White glove shot (ctd.)
November 16 2015
Here's a rare thing - actual art handlers actually hanging a painting. Not a press officer or intern in sight.
The picture is John Michael Wright's portrait of Charles II, and it's being installed for a new exhibition at the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich on Samuel Pepys (20th Nov 2015 - 28th March 2016). More here.
Carson does Constable
November 13 2015
Though I might have wondered recently why auction houses don't do enough to market 'lesser' Old Masters, there's no doubting their ability to advertise the expensive stuff. In the above video, actor Jim Carter (most recently, Carson in Downton Abbey) narrates a celeverly put together selection of Constable's writings. The video gently makes the point that The Lock coming up at Sotheby's in December (£8m-£12m) was one of the artist's best and favourite paintings.
In my experience, selling Old Masters is about telling the right story in the right way, and here Sotheby's have done it exceptionally well.
New Van Dyck for the Bowes Museum
November 11 2015
Pictures: Bowes Museum
I'm very pleased to report that the Bowes Museum in County Durham has acquired an important portrait by Van Dyck of Olivia Porter, the wife of Van Dyck's friend, Endymion Porter. The picture has been allocated through the government's Acceptance in Lieu programme, and comes from the Duke of Northumberland's collection. It hung most recently at the Duke's house just outside London, Syon House. The tax settled was £2.8m, though I believe the picture was valued at a higher figure.
The portrait will join another of Olivia by Van Dyck at the Bowes Museum (below), which (regular readers may recall) was discovered by me some years ago. Sorry to brag; but I'm glad that both pictures will now be shown together in such a wonderful museum. The pictures are obviously related, for though the direction of the gaze and the costume are different, the basic drawing of the head is the same.
Warwick Castle pictures at Sotheby's
November 11 2015
It is with some sadness that I see number of important paintings are being sold from Warwick Castle in Sotheby's London Old Master evening sale. There's a Studio of Holbein portrait of Henry VIII (above) estimated at £800k-£1.2m (lot 9), and a Van Dyck portrait of Henrietta Maria at £1.5m-£2.5m (lot 28). The pictures were bought with the castle when acquired by the Tussauds Group in the 1970s. You can see the pictures in the print catalogue here (the online version is not yet up).
Warwick Castle is a great place, but over the years little effort has been made to make their great art collection a part of the castle's story. For a while recently, it looked as if they were going to make more of their pictures, and I was asked to advise on one or two works, even making a little discovery (a picture partly by Van Dyck). But now a different approach has evidently been taken. The Castle is part of the Merlin group, who also own Alton Towers, where a roller coaster disaster recently left scores of people with serious injuries. Perhaps - and I'm guessing - the decision to sell is related to the financial losses that followed.
Anyway, the two pictures are important things. The Henry VIII I examined closely in situ some years ago. It's of extremely good quality, and in my view better than a very similar version sold just recently by Sotheby's from Castle Howard (for £965k). The Henrietta Maria would seem cheap at £1.5m-£2.5m, but perhaps the cautious estimate is due to the fact that a) it's a second version (the original is in a private collection in New York) and b) it was extended at some point in the 18th Century into a full-length (by, it is said, Sir Joshua Reynolds).
In New York
November 11 2015
Greetings from Newark airport, where I'm awaiting a flight back to London. So, sorry for the lack of posts yesterday, and I won't be back in action till Friday. [Update - I'm blogging from 30,000 feet - THEY PUT WIFI IN THE SKY??]
The modern and contemporary sales have been on in New York (though fear not, AHN-ers, that's not why I am here). Lots of art has sold for lots of money, including a Modigliani nude for an eye-popping $170m (to a Chinese buyer it's said), and a Liechtenstein for $95m. The above Fontana (Lucio, not Lavinia) made $29m, despite having been bought for just $16m just three years ago.
In other words, this crazy market is still going strong, even if last night's Christie's sale, with a total of 'only' $331m can be described (in the New York Times) as 'mixed'.
It seems some of the heat is coming out of the Warhol market, with some works going unsold, and one even going for a lot less than it made before - which is most unusual, given the number and financial of those with a vested interest in keeping Warhol values high. Here's Judd Tully from Blouin Artinfo:
Warhol’s turquoise eye shadowed portrait, “Four Marilyns” from 1962, capturing a movie still image of the screen goddess, sold to a telephone bidder for the evening’s top lot price of $36,005,000 (unpublished estimate in the region of $40 million).
The 28 ¾ by 22 ¾ inch painting, with a glowing, cadmium orange background, was completed shortly after Monroe’s death in August 1962 from a barbiturate overdose at the age of 36. It had last sold at Phillips New York in May 2013 for $38.2 million. Christie’s evidently believed that price was too low, and guaranteed the seller an undisclosed amount in excess of what it made tonight for the chance to reoffer it. [...]
“It didn’t perform as well as we anticipated,” said Brett Gorvy, Christie’s chairman and international head of Post-War and Contemporary Art during, the post-sale press conference.
Which is Christie's-speak for 'we lost money on it'.
More from me when I get back. In other news, I can report that the choice of movies on United Airlines is woeful.
Update - for an indispensable and perceptive analysis of the Christie's sale, head over to Marion Maneker's Art Market Monitor. He tells us the Warhol Marilyn's were guaranteed at $44m! And also raises an eyebrow at Christie's overall strategy:
[...] last night’s sale brings up more questions about Christie’s, its strategic aims and ambitions in the art market, than it does about the state of the overall market itself. For the last several years, Christie’s has embarked upon an aggressive campaign to transform the art market through the Contemporary art category. Using a phalanx of business-getting talent, seemingly unrivaled access to the best property and an industry-dominating guarantee book to inspire shock and awe among collectors and its rivals.
Christie’s dominance in Contemporary art toppled the management of its main rival and emboldened the firm to reject its internal “change agent.” At the time, too many commentators insisted the change in leadership at Christie’s would bring an aggressive drive toward profit. But so far this week, the evidence points in the other direction.
Maybe it's because I'm old-fashioned, but it seems to me Christie's is behaving slightly like a headless chicken at the moment. Their strategy seems to be based on eye-catching boldness, which in one respect is admirable, but, financially, can quickly lead to recklessness. Not doing well in Old Master sales in New York, because Sotheby's are doing a better job? Well, let's try moving the sale to April, and call it 'classic art' (even though there's little evidence consignors - without whom you cannot stage an art auction, classic or otherwise - are prepared to take the gamble with you). I'm told that Christie's attempt to secure what we'll just call for the moment An Extremely Important Old Master painting involved the suggestion that they would include it in a modern sale this week, principally on the basis that it was expensive and had breasts. Classy.
Guffwatch - the 'curated auction'
November 9 2015
Contemporary art evening auctions are not just auctions these days, in the sense that they're made up of things people want to sell. Oh no - they are 'curated auctions'. In case you're wondering what a curated auction is, here's Christie's to tell us:
The Artist’s Muse is a curated auction and exhibition that celebrates the subjects and sitters who inspired the greatest artists to produce some of their finest works. From Modigliani’s Nu Couché to Roy Lichtenstein’s 'Nurse', with Giacometti’s definitive late 'Portrait of James Lord' and Gustave Courbet’s radical 'Femme nue couchée,' the inspiration that is at the heart of these works makes for art that is intimate, passionate and enticing. They are works that inspire and breathe life, that exceed mere portraiture.
So now you know.
By a strange coincidence, I shall be in New York this week while all the contemporary sales are on. Into the belly of the beast.
Guffwatch - Twombly edition
November 9 2015
Last year, Guffwatch spotted Christie's recycling catalogue text from one Twombly blackboard painting to another. It was the usual guffy nonsense.
But Sotheby's (who have another Twombly blackboard picture to sell next week in New York) has managed to write a catalogue entry that actually makes sense, and is well written. And their video, above, narrated by Sotheby's vice-chairman Anthony Grant, is good too. What's going on?
How to get loans for an exhibition (ctd.)
November 8 2015
Picture: Tico Seifert
Further to my post about the painful negotiations sometimes required to secure museum loans, here's an interesting account from Dr Tico Seifert (above) of the Scottish National Gallery about his new show of landscapes lent by a single private collection. The exhibition came about first through a chance encounter, and involved a snowy off-road drive to the collector's home.
Update - the Scottish National Gallery has announced that five more works are being lent to this show. More here.
More fun and games at the National Trust
November 8 2015
Picture: Lynn Roberts
The Grumpy Art Historian went to the National Trust's Kedleston Hall the other day, and was not impressed:
It was seven hours of driving, and one of our party had traveled from the US, but worth it to see one of Adam's masterpieces, stuffed with fabulous furniture and baroque pictures. But the drawing room - one of the highlights - was in darkness. We couldn't see any of the pictures. The room has been set up to recreate the sense of an eighteenth century party. It fails on so many levels. It stops us seeing the things we had made great effort to visit. It patronises us by asking us to imagine a party at Kedleston, then assuming we're incapable of imagining and have to have the whole thing set up for us. And it fails because the execution is so feeble: a few wine glasses, electric lighting, and added spotlights on the gilt furniture for effect.
Update - The GAH is more impressed by a trip to the National Trust's Basildon Park.
Lost Society of Artists charter found
November 8 2015
Staff at the Royal Academy have discovered, whilst clearing out some vaults, the long lost charter for the Society of Artists (the first such society in London, which preceded the Royal Academy). Charles Saumarez Smith, in Apollo, reveals that the names of those who left the Society to establish the grander Royal Academy in 1768, such as Reynolds and Gainsborough, were pointedly crossed out.
Update - more photos here on Charles' excellent blog.
Bonhams goes 'aspirational'
November 8 2015
Picture: Gulf News
There's an interview with Bonhams CEO Matthew Girling (above) in The Art Newspaper, which tells me something I didn't know: that Bonhams have stopped all their regional sales, with the exception of Edinburgh. Apparently, says Girling:
The problem was that people were willing to consign lesser items to us, but not their prized works. That wasn't good for the brand, which needs to be more aspirational.
Bit of a shame if you ask me. One of Bonhams' most prized Old Masters in recent years, a newly discovered portrait by Velasquez, was found in one of their Oxford sales.